상용영어와 문학영어의 다른 점은 그 간결, 명확함에 있다 하겠다. 진부하고 장황한 언어의 연속이 절대 있어서는 안된다는 것이다. 경제의 원칙대로 짧은 시간에 최대의 효과를 거두는 것이 상용영어가 추구해야 하는 길이 될 것이다. 또한 상용문은 상대방을 설득시키기 위해 힘이 있어야 한다. 그 외에 주이할 점은 우리가 한국어로 상용문을 쓴 경우와 같다는 점이다. 예의를 지켜야 하며 논리정연하게 글이 전개되어야 할 것이다.

* 진부한 어휘의 예와 그 고침에 대해 잠깐 살펴보면

   진부하고 장황한 표현                        간결한 표현

   in spite of the fact that                      although
   due to the fact that                            because
   in order to                                        to
   have  need for                                   need
   during the time that                            while
   by means of                                      by
   concerning the nature of                    about
   in light of the fact that                       because
   at the present writing                         now
   at your earliest conveniences              as soon as
   in the event that                                if
   in the near future                              soon
   with regard to                                   about
   inasmuch as                                      because
   the possibility exists for                     can
   in the approximate amount of              about
   take cognizance of                             note  

 * 문장의 힘을 싣기위해 간접적인 수동문을 가급적 지양하고 능동문을 택한다.

  수동문                                                 능동문
  A question is raised whether                 I question whether
  It was recommened by the committee   The committee recommended that 

 * 예의를 지킨다

    축약형의 말을 쓰지 않는다
    don't , can,t 이것은 do not, can not 으로 표기한다.
    일반적인 예의를 지켜 상대방을 호칭한다
     Dear Sir:  not Dear Mr. Lee:  

 * 구체적인 전략 1,2.3

    1. Strategy 1: Begin with an empathetic statement
    2. Strategy 2: In every letter there is an ideal place to make your point. Make your                          point there.
    3. Strategy 3: Relate to your reader again at the close. 

   전략 1,2.3 가 잘 적용된 다음 편지들을 참고해보자

   Case Study 1: 채용 수락

   J.M. Woodruff                                                                         February 13, 1998
   Apt. 3A
   1322 West Bridge Street
   Fort Lee, New Jersey 0000                                                       

   Dear Woodie:

   We are pleased to offer you the position of Assistant Sales Manager for the Western
   Region.

   Both John Paloma and Jennifer Chang were favorably impressed with your track
   record and the proposals you submitted. They appreciated your willingness  to meet
   with them over several weeks to work out final details.

   Should you accept, we would suggest that we meet again before the end of the
   month to discuss final salary and incentives, as well as benefits and a starting date.
   As we have already discussed, however, the salary range is $35 to $45 in addition
   to the bonus program.

   Everyone here very much hopes you will be able to accept our offer and we would
   appreciate knowing your decision by the end of next week at the latest. I look    forward to  hearing from you and hopes to welcome you to  our company.

   Very treuly yours,

   
   Leslie M. Klaus
   Director of Human Resources   

   Case Study 2: 채용의뢰

   Mr. George Custis                                                                          April 4, 1998
   Manager of Manufacturing and Sales
   Midwest Tool, Steel Gear and Pinion Company
   147 East Markham Drive
   Manheim, Indiana 0000

   Dear Mr. custis:

   John Fleming suggested that I write to you about an entry-level management opening in
   your sales operations. He tells me that you mentioned your interest in hiring several
   trainees at your lunch with him.

   My studies have prepared me for such a position. The general business major listed on
   the enclosed resume does not show that I took a number of courses over and above those
   required in manufacturing and sales. but I come very close to having minors in each of
   these areas.

   Those courses and my experience working at the Utica, Ohio, rural electric company in
   the summer constitute a wider view of industry than might be readily apparent. At Licking
   Rural Electric, John Flemming, to whom my work-crew foreman reported, spent many
   hours with me at the end of many work days helping me to understand the overall  opera-
   tion of the utility and its place in the economy. Whenever the opportunity presented itself,
   he arranged for me to observe business routines not strictly associated with my duties
   there. Additionally, my counselling experience and social administration at Wabash College
   gave me excellent opportunities to acquire skills in managing and motivating people.

   I believe that this experience would not be wasted in training position in a sales operation,
   and I am eager to begin applying what I have learned to a real business situation.
  
   John is familiar with my work and has indicated that he would be glad to discuss my
   qualifications with you. With your permission, I will ask John to call you sometime next
   week.

    And I will follow up with your secretary the week after to see if you would find it useful
    to schedule an interview. I very much hope to hear from you.

    Sincerely,

 

    Mark Cunningham 

    Case 3: sample resume
    
    여러 가지 형식이 있겠으나 가장 한국인에게 친근한 형태인 연대별 형식을 소개한다.

                                           BIOGRAPHICAL SUMMARY

    Personal Data

    Name:             Mark Cunningham

    Address:         1234 State Street Wabash, OH 45000

    Telephone:      (000) 555-0000

    Education

    1986-90         Wabash College, Wabash, Ohio                BA, June 1990
                          Major: General Business
                          Minor: Psychology                                 GPA 3.3

    Work Experience

    1989-present   Wabash College, Wabash, OH. Administrator, Counselor
    1990-91 Resident Director, Boise Ball, dormitory for 200 students
         . Student administrator of the Residence Hall.
         . Administered the Thursday-night movie and the Invite-the-Faculty-to-
           dinner programs. The latter program won an all-campus award.
         . Chaired Residence Halls Council.
     1989-90 Resident Advisor, 3rd Floor West Corridor, College Hall
         . Counseled students informally; referred problems to appropriate
            resources.
         . Kept careful records for 25 freshmen.
     Summers 1989-90 Licking rural Electric, Utica, OH. Tree Trimmer
         . Worked as member of tree-trimming team.
         . In second summer helped train assistant tree trimmer.
         . Supervised an assistant tree trimmer.

 

     References.  Available on request from: Wabash College Placement Center
                                                                 Wabash, OH 42000 

 

* 잘못쓰기 쉬운 단어와 기타 용례

 단어의 구문

 affect/effect: 이 두단어는 동사와 명사로 사용된다. affect가 동사일 경우 to influence 의                      의미를 가지며 effect는 to bring about의 의미를 갖는다 다음 예문을 참고한다
       How did his speech affect you?
       They lowered tax to effect economic changes.
                      affect가 명사로 쓰이는 경우 emotion을 의미하며 effect는 result를 의미한다
      The price change had little economic effect.
      His face was expressionless; there was absolutely no affect. 

  all ready/already
       She had already prepared her talk, so she was all ready for the conference.
       We are all of us ready.

  all together/altogether
       all together: collectively, everyone at one time or place
       altogether: completely
       All together now-pull!
       Your proposal is altogether unacceptable.

  beside/besides
       beside: at the side of
       besides: in addition to
       I like to work beside you.  Besides, I have no other office.

   biannual/biennial/bimonthly/biweekly
      상기 단어는 미국인들조차 혼등을 하고 있으므로 사용을 하지 않도록 하자. 다음과 같이       사용하면 된다.
       one every two years, every two months, twice a week, every two weeks
      그러나 biennium은 two-year period를 나타내므로 사용해도 무방하다.

   complement/compliment
       complement: to complete, fill out, bring to fulfillment
       compliment: give rise to
       Statistics should complement your presentation.
       Sara complimented Jonathan on his fine work.

    continual/continuous
       continual: repeated over and over but with pauses or breaks
       continuous: without interruption
       Their continual bickering was a problem.
       The continuous downpour stopped all construction.

    emigrate/immigrate
       Migration is moving from one place to another. "Migrate to" a place is immigrate.
       "migrate from" a place is emigrate.
       He is emigrated from Poland in 1923. He immigrated to the United States.
       He was an emigrant from Poland. He was an immigrant to the United States.

    girl/lady/woman
       girl: 일반적으로 취업연령전의 여자아이
       lady: 사회적인 어휘로서 상용영어에는 부적합
       woman: 일반 성인여성

    good/well
       good은 형용사 well은 부사
       Terry is a good typist. He types well.  
        
    Reason is because
        Reason is because 의 형태를 사용치말고 The reason is that을 사용한다.
        The reason we should avoid writing this construction is that it si not accepted by
        conservertive business writers. 

   부호의 적절한 활용

    semicolon의 사용법
      semicolon은 but, or, nor, yet, so 같은 연결어를 사용치않고 두 개의 독립문을 연결할 때
      사용한다. 이때 but 같은 연결어를 사용하면 더욱 자연스럽게 연결된다.
      Marica has always been capable and bright; she understands the most complex
      material almost as soon as she reads it.
      Marcia has always been capable and bright; furthermore, she understands the most
      complex material almost as soon as she reads it.