상용영어와 문학영어의 다른 점은 그 간결, 명확함에 있다 하겠다. 진부하고 장황한 언어의 연속이 절대 있어서는 안된다는 것이다. 경제의 원칙대로 짧은 시간에 최대의 효과를 거두는 것이 상용영어가 추구해야 하는 길이 될 것이다. 또한 상용문은 상대방을 설득시키기 위해 힘이 있어야 한다. 그 외에 주이할 점은 우리가 한국어로 상용문을 쓴 경우와 같다는 점이다. 예의를 지켜야 하며 논리정연하게 글이 전개되어야 할 것이다.
* 진부한 어휘의 예와 그 고침에 대해 잠깐 살펴보면
진부하고 장황한 표현 간결한 표현
in spite of the fact that although
due to the fact that because
in order to to
have need for need
during the time that while
by means of by
concerning the nature of about
in light of the fact that because
at the present writing now
at your earliest conveniences as soon as
in the event that if
in the near future soon
with regard to about
inasmuch as because
the possibility exists for can
in the approximate amount of about
take cognizance of note
* 문장의 힘을 싣기위해 간접적인 수동문을 가급적 지양하고 능동문을 택한다.
A question is raised whether I question whether
It was recommened by the committee The committee recommended that
* 예의를 지킨다
축약형의 말을 쓰지 않는다
don't , can,t 이것은 do not, can not 으로 표기한다.
일반적인 예의를 지켜 상대방을 호칭한다
Dear Sir: not Dear Mr. Lee:
* 구체적인 전략 1,2.3
1. Strategy 1: Begin with an empathetic statement
2. Strategy 2: In every letter there is an ideal place to make your point. Make your point there.
3. Strategy 3: Relate to your reader again at the close.
전략 1,2.3 가 잘 적용된 다음 편지들을 참고해보자
Case Study 1: 채용 수락
J.M. Woodruff February
1322 West Bridge Street
Fort Lee, New Jersey 0000
We are pleased to offer you the position of Assistant Sales
Manager for the Western
Both John Paloma and Jennifer Chang were favorably impressed
with your track
record and the proposals you submitted. They appreciated your willingness to meet
with them over several weeks to work out final details.
Should you accept, we would suggest that we meet again
before the end of the
month to discuss final salary and incentives, as well as benefits and a starting date.
As we have already discussed, however, the salary range is $35 to $45 in addition
to the bonus program.
Everyone here very much hopes you will be able to accept
our offer and we would
appreciate knowing your decision by the end of next week at the latest. I look forward to hearing from you and hopes to welcome you to our company.
Very treuly yours,
Leslie M. Klaus
Director of Human Resources
Case Study 2: 채용의뢰
Mr. George Custis April
Manager of Manufacturing and Sales
Midwest Tool, Steel Gear and Pinion Company
147 East Markham Drive
Manheim, Indiana 0000
Dear Mr. custis:
John Fleming suggested that I write to you about an entry-level
management opening in
your sales operations. He tells me that you mentioned your interest in hiring several
trainees at your lunch with him.
My studies have prepared me for such a position. The general
business major listed on
the enclosed resume does not show that I took a number of courses over and above those
required in manufacturing and sales. but I come very close to having minors in each of
Those courses and my experience working at the Utica, Ohio,
rural electric company in
the summer constitute a wider view of industry than might be readily apparent. At Licking
Rural Electric, John Flemming, to whom my work-crew foreman reported, spent many
hours with me at the end of many work days helping me to understand the overall opera-
tion of the utility and its place in the economy. Whenever the opportunity presented itself,
he arranged for me to observe business routines not strictly associated with my duties
there. Additionally, my counselling experience and social administration at Wabash College
gave me excellent opportunities to acquire skills in managing and motivating people.
I believe that this experience would not be wasted in training
position in a sales operation,
and I am eager to begin applying what I have learned to a real business situation.
John is familiar with my work and has indicated that he would be glad to discuss my
qualifications with you. With your permission, I will ask John to call you sometime next
And I will follow up with your secretary the week
after to see if you would find it useful
to schedule an interview. I very much hope to hear from you.
Case 3: sample resume
여러 가지 형식이 있겠으나 가장 한국인에게 친근한 형태인 연대별 형식을 소개한다.
Name: Mark Cunningham
State Street Wabash, OH 45000
Telephone: (000) 555-0000
College, Wabash, Ohio BA,
Major: General Business
Minor: Psychology GPA 3.3
1989-present Wabash College, Wabash, OH. Administrator, Counselor
1990-91 Resident Director, Boise Ball, dormitory for 200 students
. Student administrator of the Residence Hall.
. Administered the Thursday-night movie and the Invite-the-Faculty-to-
dinner programs. The latter program won an all-campus award.
. Chaired Residence Halls Council.
1989-90 Resident Advisor, 3rd Floor West Corridor, College Hall
. Counseled students informally; referred problems to appropriate
. Kept careful records for 25 freshmen.
Summers 1989-90 Licking rural Electric, Utica, OH. Tree Trimmer
. Worked as member of tree-trimming team.
. In second summer helped train assistant tree trimmer.
. Supervised an assistant tree trimmer.
References. Available on request from:
Wabash College Placement Center
Wabash, OH 42000
* 잘못쓰기 쉬운 단어와 기타 용례
affect/effect: 이 두단어는 동사와 명사로 사용된다. affect가 동사일
경우 to influence 의 의미를
가지며 effect는 to bring about의 의미를 갖는다 다음 예문을 참고한다
How did his speech affect you?
They lowered tax to effect economic changes.
affect가 명사로 쓰이는 경우 emotion을 의미하며 effect는 result를 의미한다
The price change had little economic effect.
His face was expressionless; there was absolutely no affect.
She had already prepared her talk, so she was all ready for the conference.
We are all of us ready.
all together: collectively, everyone at one time or place
All together now-pull!
Your proposal is altogether unacceptable.
beside: at the side of
besides: in addition to
I like to work beside you. Besides, I have no other office.
상기 단어는 미국인들조차 혼등을 하고 있으므로 사용을 하지 않도록 하자. 다음과 같이 사용하면 된다.
one every two years, every two months, twice a week, every two weeks
그러나 biennium은 two-year period를 나타내므로 사용해도 무방하다.
complement: to complete, fill out, bring to fulfillment
compliment: give rise to
Statistics should complement your presentation.
Sara complimented Jonathan on his fine work.
continual: repeated over and over but with pauses or breaks
continuous: without interruption
Their continual bickering was a problem.
The continuous downpour stopped all construction.
Migration is moving from one place to another. "Migrate to" a place is immigrate.
"migrate from" a place is emigrate.
He is emigrated from Poland in 1923. He immigrated to the United States.
He was an emigrant from Poland. He was an immigrant to the United States.
girl: 일반적으로 취업연령전의 여자아이
lady: 사회적인 어휘로서 상용영어에는 부적합
woman: 일반 성인여성
good은 형용사 well은 부사
Terry is a good typist. He types well.
Reason is because
Reason is because 의 형태를 사용치말고 The reason is that을 사용한다.
The reason we should avoid writing this construction is that it si not accepted by
conservertive business writers.
부호의 적절한 활용
semicolon은 but, or, nor, yet, so 같은 연결어를 사용치않고 두 개의 독립문을 연결할 때
사용한다. 이때 but 같은 연결어를 사용하면 더욱 자연스럽게 연결된다.
Marica has always been capable and bright; she understands the most complex
material almost as soon as she reads it.
Marcia has always been capable and bright; furthermore, she understands the most
complex material almost as soon as she reads it.